How to Do Push-Ups Correctly

How to Do Push-Ups Correctly


Push-ups are one of the most effective exercises for strengthening the upper body. They target the chest, shoulders, triceps, and core muscles. However, many people perform push-ups incorrectly, which can lead to ineffective results or even injuries. In this article, we will guide you on how to do push-ups correctly.

Step-by-Step Guide

Follow these steps to perform push-ups with proper form:

  1. Starting Position: Begin by positioning yourself face down on the floor. Place your hands slightly wider than shoulder-width apart, fingers pointing forward. Extend your legs straight behind you, resting on the balls of your feet.
  2. Engage Your Core: Tighten your abdominal muscles and glutes. This will help maintain a straight and stable body position throughout the exercise.
  3. Lowering Phase: Bend your elbows and lower your body towards the floor. Keep your elbows at a 45-degree angle to your torso, not flaring out to the sides. Maintain a neutral spine position, avoiding sagging or arching your back.
  4. Pushing Phase: Push through your palms and extend your arms, lifting your body back to the starting position. Keep your core engaged and maintain a straight line from head to heels.
  5. Repeat: Perform the desired number of repetitions, maintaining proper form throughout. As you get stronger, you can increase the difficulty by elevating your feet or using resistance bands.

Tips for Correct Technique

Here are some additional tips to ensure you are doing push-ups correctly:

  • Breathe: Inhale as you lower your body and exhale as you push back up. Focus on maintaining a steady breathing pattern.
  • Keep Your Body Straight: Avoid sagging your hips or raising your buttocks. Your body should form a straight line from head to heels.
  • Don't Rush: Perform push-ups slowly and with control. This will engage your muscles more effectively and reduce the risk of injury.
  • Modify as Needed: If you are a beginner or have specific limitations, you can modify push-ups by performing them on an incline (using a bench or wall) or from your knees. Gradually progress to the standard push-up position as you get stronger.
  • Listen to Your Body: If you experience any pain or discomfort, stop and consult a fitness professional or healthcare provider.


By following the proper technique, push-ups can be a highly beneficial exercise for building upper body strength. Remember to focus on form, engage your core, and gradually increase the difficulty as you progress. Incorporate push-ups into your regular workout routine and enjoy the benefits of a strong and toned upper body.

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